Safflower is a multipurpose crop. It is said to be one of the most ancient of the cultivated oilseeds. This growing demand in the Safflower export from India may be due to the various uses and benefits of the crop. Its oil is used for preventing heart disease, including hardening of the arteries (atherosclerosis) and stroke. Safflower is also used to treat tumors, fever, breathing problems, coughs, pain, clotting conditions, chest pain, heart disease, and traumatic injuries.